The Department of Labor (DOL) administers and enforces more than 180 federal laws. These mandates and the regulations that implement them cover many activities in the workplace for around 150 million workers and 10 million workplaces. The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) determines federal minimum wage and overtime pay at one and a half times the regular rate of pay. It also regulates child labor, limiting the number of hours minors can work.
With around 150 million workers across the country and millions from different workplaces, the issue of safety and health is one of the main concerns of people working in these environments. The Department of Labor is responsible for requiring organizations to comply with some 180 federal laws regarding employee health and safety. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) also enforces regulations related to employee working conditions. In addition, each state implements its own labor laws while complying with federal laws.
As a result of a long struggle on the part of workers, the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 standardized the eight-hour working day and prohibits child labor. Children under the age of sixteen cannot work. In addition, the law instituted a minimum wage. Download our list of the most common federal labor laws affecting small businesses, plus links to each website for more information.
While an employer may limit an employee's use of social media during working hours and the way they are used in connection with the employer's business, the employer's control is limited by the NLRA and applicable state laws. Federal agencies such as the EEOC, DOL, and NLRB have jurisdiction over employment-related claims arising out of federal laws. The U.S. Department of Labor oversees and enforces more than 180 federal laws that govern the workplace activities of some 10 million employers and 150 million workers.
One of the most important national employment policies is the Fair Labor Standards Act, which was signed into law by President Franklin D. For those who want to develop their knowledge of labor laws and the safety industry, an excellent option is to explore the Master of Science in Safety, Safety and Emergency Management with a Specialization in Occupational Safety from Eastern Kentucky University. The law also stipulates that some workers who work more than 40 hours in a seven-day period must receive overtime pay equal to time and a half of their regular rate for any additional hours. The FLSA provides the agency with civil and criminal remedies, and also includes provisions for individual employees to file private lawsuits.
Businesses, state and local governments must follow most EEOC laws if they have 15 or more employees. These include the enforcement of labor standard protections for certain temporary nonimmigrant workers admitted to the U.S. UU. COBRA is the law that requires the option of continuing health insurance for employees who have been terminated or terminated from a company for any reason.
Other laws provide exceptions for workers in certain industries, such as agricultural labor and domestic workers who live in the household. If you believe that you have been wrongfully fired from a job or that you have been fired from an employment situation, you may want to learn more about your state's unfair dismissal laws. The FMLA is a federal labor law that requires employers to offer unpaid and protected work leave to employees who are eligible for the birth or adoption of a child or the employee's serious illness or a spouse, child, or parent. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) Enforces Federal Laws Prohibiting Employment Discrimination.
The NLRA, as interpreted by the National Labor Relations Board and federal courts, governs the right to strike of unions as do collective bargaining agreements. .