An award-winning team of journalists, designers and cameramen who tell brand stories through the distinctive lens of Fast Company Annual ranking of companies that are making a big impact Leaders who are creatively shaping the future of business New workplaces, new sources of food, medicine , including a completely new economic system Celebrating the best ideas in business The ITUC ranks 139 countries in total, according to 97 indicators. This includes rights such as freedom of association (being able to form a union), collective bargaining and the right to strike. Countries that occupy the top positions (“Irregular violation of rights”) generally observe these freedoms, while those at the bottom do not (“There is no guarantee of rights). Scoring a 4 puts the U, S.
Along with countries such as Iraq, Iran and Sierra Leone, although it is worse in Bangladesh, India and Guatemala. Eight countries, including Syria, Ukraine and Somalia, are not classified at all, because their states are considered to be too weak to protect workers, even if they wanted to. There were some flags transposed in this slideshow. Overall, last year 35 countries “arrested or imprisoned workers as a tactic to resist demands for democratic rights, decent wages, safer working conditions and safe jobs.
And workers from 53 countries were dismissed or suspended because they were looking for better working conditions. What is clear? There is a lot of room for improvement in all but a few countries. Ben Schiller is a New York editor for Fast Company. Previously, he edited a European management magazine and was a reporter in San Francisco, Prague and Brussels.
The key consideration here is the effectiveness of labor standards policies. Will human rights improve among potential trading partners? Or will they delay progress towards human rights by keeping politically powerless workers in poverty? Some countries, including China, may reject otherwise attractive trade agreements that contain applicable labor standards. By insisting on strict labor standards, rich democracies could claim moral superiority. But they may have to give up a trade pact that could help their own producers and consumers, while increasing the incomes and political power of impoverished Chinese workers.
They include non-payment of minimum wages and pensions, abolition of independent unions, forced overtime, insufficient rest and ignored regulations requiring paid medical and maternity leave. Child labor is common, and the Ministry of Labour and Public Administration has never defined or applied health and safety standards in the workplace. Because domestic work and care work are gender-sensitive in Pakistan, women workers often juggle employment with primary care and housekeeping responsibilities at home. Nor is the United States likely to weaken its own child labor laws because it has benefited from the availability of cheaper imported clothing.
While work on the Chinese operations of IBM, PepsiCo, Nike, Adidas and Walmart has been idle because of this year's labor protests, some experts say communist leaders are only enduring strikes in the hope of rebalancing a slowing economy. Washington has ratified only two standards, one that abolished forced labor and the other that eliminates the worst forms of child labor, placing the United States in the company of only eight ILO member countries, including China, Myanmar and Oman. The number of countries where workers are exposed to physical violence and threats increased by 10 percent (from 52 to 5) and include Colombia, Egypt, Guatemala, Indonesia and Ukraine. According to a new report by the International Trade Union Confederation, workers in the worst countries for workers face these and other threats every day for basic rights such as sick leave, fair remuneration and humane working conditions.
If each country must observe a common set of minimum standards, member countries can offer and enforce worker protections at a near-optimal level. Pakistan's various labor laws and regulations do not adequately protect workers in the textile and clothing industry, and constitutional safeguards are often not enforced. The Middle East and North Africa were found to be the worst region in the world, with Gulf countries, especially Saudi Arabia, accused of exposing migrant workers to exploitation and serious physical and psychological abuse “similar to forced labor and slavery”. A standard of protection that is appropriate in rich countries can impose excessive burdens on the poor.
Workers told Human Rights Watch that, in an effort to evade labor inspectors or brand auditors, some factory managers falsified or coerced employees into “signing” after the legally allowed shift. A number of government policies and regulations since 2003 have made provincial labor departments weaker and factory management largely unaccountable. According to some estimates, Pakistan's garment industry employs 15 million people, about 38 percent of the manufacturing labor force. .